set the message text

Is a PSA Test Right for You

Recommended Web Sites

Below are Web sites that feature information related to this Crossroad. These sites meet our specific standards; however, we cannot guarantee the accuracy of the information on these sites. Clicking on the site name will take you directly to that site.

American Cancer Society
This Web site features a section about prostate cancer with information about diagnosis, treatments, and links to support groups. It also provides a downloadable patient guide.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides information on prostate cancer screening and links to decision guides, including a guide specifically for African-American men.

National Cancer Institute
The National Cancer Institute Web site provides a general overview of the treatment options for prostate cancer. For information on prostate cancer screening, see the National Cancer Institute's fact sheet, Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test.

National Health Service (NHS) Cancer Screening Programmes (UK)
The NHS Cancer Screening Programmes Web site from the United Kingdom provides information about prostate cancer screening. See the Prostate Cancer Risk Management Web page.

Urology Care Foundation
This Web site features a section that provides a general overview about the prostate and prostate cancer, with short descriptions of screening, diagnosis, and treatments. The site also offers a patient guide on prostate cancer screening.



Reviewed/Updated: 7/17/2013
active surveillance

An approach that involves monitoring a disease and deciding about treatment only if the disease worsens. In the case of prostate cancer, doctors monitor men with localized cancers for signs of cancer spread or growth using PSA tests, digital rectal exams, and prostate biopsies. In this approach, doctors offer treatments to cure the cancer only if the cancer progresses—or if a man is no longer comfortable with active surveillance. Also known as expectant management.

biopsy

A sample of tissue taken to be checked for abnormalities such as cancer. A prostate biopsy involves inserting a needle through the rectum to take small samples of the prostate gland.

biopsies

Samples of tissue taken to be checked for abnormalities such as cancer. A prostate biopsy involves inserting a needle through the rectum to take small samples of the prostate gland.

bladder

A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine before it leaves the body.

brachytherapy

Treatment to kill cancer cells by either permanently placing radioactive “seeds” in the prostate gland (low-dose rate brachytherapy) or temporarily placing tiny plastic catheters between the scrotum and the rectum to deliver radiation directly into the prostate gland (high-dose rate brachytherapy).

digital rectal exam

A test to check for prostate cancer. A doctor inserts a gloved finger into the rectum to feel for any lumps or hard areas of the prostate through the rectum wall.

digital rectal exams

Tests to check for prostate cancer. A doctor inserts a gloved finger into the rectum to feel for any lumps or hard areas of the prostate through the rectum wall.

external beam radiation

A prostate cancer treatment that involves directing a focused beam of radiation at the prostate gland. The radiation kills cancer cells.

Gleason score

A grading system for prostate cancer cells. It gives a general idea of how serious the cancer is and whether it may grow or spread.

prostate

A male gland located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It makes some of the fluid that carries sperm to the penis when a man has sex.

prostatectomy

Surgery that removes the entire prostate gland. Also called radical prostatectomy.

prostate-specific antigen

A protein made by the prostate that is measured by the PSA blood test. A high level of it in the blood may signal prostate cancer, but it may also be a sign of other conditions, such as prostate inflammation or enlargement.

PSA test

A blood test that measures the level of prostate-specific antigen in the blood. While the PSA test can suggest you might have cancer, a biopsy is needed to know for sure.

PSA tests

Blood tests that measure the level of prostate-specific antigen in the blood. While the PSA test can suggest you might have cancer, a biopsy is needed to know for sure.

radiation

Energy released in particles or waves that can be used as a treatment for prostate cancer. It kills cancer cells by using either a beam of radiation aimed at the prostate from outside the body, or by using radioactive seeds put into the prostate. For more serious cancers, both may be used.

radical prostatectomy

Surgery that removes the entire prostate gland. Also called prostatectomy.

rectum

The end portion of the large intestine, through which solid waste moves out of the body.

urethra

The tube that carries urine or sperm through the penis and out of the body.

watchful waiting

An approach that involves not having treatment to cure a disease. In the case of prostate cancer, men who choose this approach receive treatments to ease symptoms and improve quality of life if their cancers progress.

External Site Disclaimer

This link opens a Web site that is not affiliated with Health Crossroads.

Health Crossroads is not responsible for the site's content or technical performance.


Continue >>

Please don't show this again

click and drag to move the window

Placeholder title

Sample
Subtitle

Herniated Disc: Surgery Perspective

Subtitle

 

Adobe Flash Player Required

To watch the videos, you need to make sure you have the Adobe Flash player installed.
Download Adobe Flash
spacer image